United Nations Convention on Contracts for the InternationalSale of Goods
(Vienna, 1980)

 

State Signature Ratification:

State:Signature:Accession (a),

Approval (AA),

Acceptance (A),

Succession (d)

Entry into Force:
Albania  13 May 2009 a1 June 2010
Argentina 1/ 19 July 1983 a1 January 1988
Armenia 1/ 2 December 2008 a1 January 2010
Australia 17 March 1988 a1 April 1989
Austria 11 April 198029 December 19871 January 1989
Belarus 1/ 9 October 1989 a1 November 1990
Belgium 31 October 1996 a1 November 1997
Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 January 1994 d6 March 1992
Bulgaria  9 July 1990 a1 August 1991
Burundi  4 September 1998 a1 October 1999
Canada 2/ 23 April 1991 a1 May 1992
Chile 1/11 April 19807 February 19901 March 1991
China 3/30 September 198111 December 1986 AA1 January 1988
Colombia*10 July 2001 a1 August 2002
Croatia 8 8 June 1998 d8 October 1991
Cuba 2 November 1994 a1 December 1995
Cyprus7 March 2005 a1 April 2006
Czech Republic a/ 7/ 30 September 1993 d1 January 1993
Denmark 4/26 May 198114 February 19891 March 1990
Ecuador 27 January 1992 a1 February 1993
Egypt .6 December 1982 a1 January 1988
El Salvador .27 November 2006 a1 December 2007
Estonia 1/ 20 September 1993 a1 October 1994
Finland 4/26 May 198115 December 19871 January 1989
France 27 August 19816 August 1982 AA1 January 1988
Gabon15 December 2004 a1 January 2006
Georgia 16 August 1994 a1 September 1995
Germany b/ 5/26 May 198121 December 19891 January 1991
Ghana11 April 1980  
Greece 12 January 1998 a1 February 1999
Guinea  23 January 1991 a1 February 1992
Honduras.10 October 2002 a1 November 2003
Hungary 1/ 6/22 April 198016 June 19831 January 1988
Iceland.10 May 2001 a1 June 2002
Iraq  5 March 1990 a1 April 1991
Israel.22 January 2002 a1 February 2003
Italy 30 September 198111 December 19861 January 1988
Japan  1 July 2008 (b)1 August 2009
Kyrgystan 11 May 1999 a1 June 2000
Latvia 1/ 31 July 1997 a1 August 1998
Lebanon 1/ 21 November 2008 a1 December 2009
Lesotho18 June 198118 June 19811 January 1988

 
 
 
State:

(For numerical notes - see comments below)

Signature:Accession (a),

Approval (AA),

Acceptance (A),

Succession (d)

Entry into Force:
Liberia 16 September 2005 a1 October 2006
Lithuania 1/ 18 January 1995 a1 Febuary 1996
Luxembourg  30 January 1997 a1 February 1998
Mauritania 20 August 1999 a1 September 2000
Mexico  29 December 1987 a1 January 1989
Moldova 13 October 1994 a1 November 1995
Mongolia  31 December 1997 a1 January 1999
Montenegro  23 October 2006 d3 June 2006
Netherlands 29 May 198113 December 1990 A1 January 1992
New Zealand  22 September 1994 a1 October 1995
Norway 4/26 May 198120 July 19881 August 1989
Paraguay 1/ 13 January 2006 a1 February 2007
Peru 25 March 1999 a1 April 2000
Poland28 September 198119 May 19951 June 1996
Republic of Korea 17 February 2004 a1 March 2005
Romania 22 May 1991 a1 June 1992
Russian Federation c/ 1/ 16 August 1990 a1 September 1991
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7/ 12 September 2000 a1 October 2001
Serbia d/ 12 March 2001 d27 April 1992
Singapore 7/11 April 198016 February 19951 March 1996
Slovakia a/ 7/ 28 May 1993 d1 January 1993
Slovenia 7 January 1994 d25 June 1991
Spain  24 July 1990 a1 August 1991
Sweden 4/26 May 198115 December 19871 January 1989
Switzerland 21 February 1990 a1 March 1991
Syrian Arab Republic  19 October 1982 a1 January 1988
Uganda 12 February 1992 a1 March 1993
Ukraine 1/ 3 January 1990 a1 February 1991
United States of America 7/31 August 198111 December 19861 January 1988
Uruguay 25 January 1999 a1 Febuary 2000
Uzbekistan  27 November 1996 a1 December 1997
Venezuela 28 September 1981  
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  22 November 2006 d17 November 1991
Zambia  6 June 1986 a1 January 1988

 
 

Parties: 74















a/ The Convention was signed bythe former Czechoslovakia on 1 September 1981 and an instrument of ratificationwas deposited on 5 March 1990, with the Convention entering into forcefor the former Czechoslovakia on 1 April 1991. 7/ On 28May 1993 Slovakia, and on 30 September 1993 the Czech Republic, depositedinstruments of succession, with effect from 1 January 1993, the date ofsuccession of States.
b/ The Convention was signed bythe former German Democratic Republic on 13 August 1981, ratified on 23February 1989 and entered into force on 1 March 1990.
c/ The Russian Federation continues,as from 24 December 1991, the membership of the former Union of SovietSocialist Republics (USSR) in the United Nations and maintains, as fromthat date, full responsibility for all the rights and obligations of theUSSR under the Charter of the United Nations and multilateral treatiesdeposited with the Secretary-General.
d/  The former Yugoslavia signed and ratified the Convention on 11 April 1980 and 27 March 1985, respectively. On 12 March 2001, the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia declared the following:
"The Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, having considered [the Convention], succeeds to the same and undertakes faithfully to perform and carry out the stipulations therein contained as from April 27, 1992, the date upon which the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia assumed responsibility for its international relations."

 
 

Declarations and reservations:

1/ Upon ratifying, or acceding to, the Convention,Argentina, Armenia, Belarus, Chile, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Paraguay,Ukraine and USSR declared, in accordance with articles 12 and 96 of theConvention, that any provision of article 11, article 29 or Part II ofthe Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or terminationby agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intentionto be made in any form other than in writing, would not apply where anyparty had his place of business in their respective States. Lithuania has notified the UNCITRAL that it withdraws its reservation hereunder, taking effect as of 1 June 2014.
2/ Upon accession, Canada declared that,in accordance with article 93 of the Convention, the Convention will extendto Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, NovaScotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and the Northwest Territories.(Uponaccession, Canada declared that, in accordance with article 95 of the Convention,with respect to British Columbia, it will not be bound by article 1(1)(b)of the Convention. In a notification received on 31 July 1992, Canada withdrewthat declaration.) In a declaration received on 9 April 1992, Canada extendedthe application of the Convention to Quebec and Saskatchewan. In a notificationreceived on 29 June 1992, Canada extended the application of the Conventionto Yukon.
3/ Upon approving the Convention,China declared that it did not consider itself bound by sub-paragraph (b)of paragraph (1) of article 1 and article 11 as well as the provisionsin the Convention relating to the content of article 11.
4/ Upon ratifying the Convention,Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden declared in accordance with article92(1) that they would not be bound by Part II of the Convention (Formationof the Contract). Upon ratifying the Convention, Denmark, Finland, Norwayand Sweden declared, pursuant to article 94(1) and 94(2), that the Conventionwould not apply to contracts of sale where the parties have their placesof business in Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Iceland or Norway.
5/ Upon ratifying the Convention,Germany declared that it would not apply article 1(1)(b) in respect ofany State that had made a declaration that that State would not apply article1(1)(b).6/ Upon ratifying the Convention, Hungarydeclared that it considered the General Conditions of Delivery of Goodsbetween Organizations of the Member Countries of the Council for MutualEconomic Assistance to be subject to the provisions of article 90 of theConvention.
7/ Upon ratifying the Convention,Czechoslovakia, Singapore and the United States of America declared thatthey would not be bound by paragraph (1)(b) of article 1.
8/ Upon succeeding to the Convention,the Republic of Croatia has decided, on the basis of the ConstitutionalDecision on Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia of25 June 1991, and the Decision of the Croatian Parliament of 8 October1991, and by virtue of succession of the Socialist Federal Republic ofYugoslavia in respect of the territory of the Republic of Croatia, to beconsidered a party to the Convention with effect as from 8 October 1991,the date on which the Republic of Croatia severed all constitutional andlegal connections with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia andtook over its international obligations.